Languages are how we as humans converse with computers, to be able to converse with them and vice-versa, in this digital age. We speak a natural language such as English, while computers use a totally different form. Since they don’t speak natural language instructions and programming lang are the ways of talking with them.
But did you ever think about what the differences between these two types of language are. This blog talks about a simple understanding between programming language and natural language which is suitable for 6th grader’s also.
Why we need Programming Languages ?
In communication between the programmer and the computer, what is the aim of the programming? In short, using programming languages lets us write programs in such a way (in which humans communicate and in which computers can understand) that they will do what we need them to do. Because we use different applications and software today than we used before because programming languages allow us for this kind of flexibility.
What Is Programming Language? A programming language  is a formal language that contains sets of symbols, rules and rules to create commands for computers on how to execute certain tasks. They were created for computers to read and interpret as accurately and efficiently as possible, in order to leave no room for errors or confusion from the programming language itself.
What is natural language?
This communication happens between humans themselves & therefore any language which is spoken and written by humans for interaction among humans only can be termed as Natural Language, commonly known as language itself. There’re lot of variations in natural languages from language regions to cultures to geo locations.
Culture, history, and creativity of Humans can be seen in them. Programming languages are not natural languages: Natural languages are fluid, expressive, and give us meaning, emotion and intention.
Natural languages include English, Urdu, Punjabi, Arabic, and French and numerous others. Every language comes with different grammar principles, where the words are put and merged together, there is also an array of vocabulary for each one of these languages. Dialects and accents differ region by region; around 200km apart, they change entirely.
The most important distinction between programming language and natural language?
Programming languages and natural languages serve their own purposes, possess unique facets and face problems of their own. Here are some of the main differences between them:
Computers are programmed with the help of a code language written by Human beings for interacting with machines. For tasks such as web development, data analytics, game art and design and many more! Check it out for yourself. Naturally developing languages get changes over the years, and humans update computer languages for different generations to come.
Natural languages are probabilistic; programming languages are deterministic. Coding has strict syntax rules that govern how computers need to interpret and execute symbols. However, the rule of natural languages on the contrary is dependent on the context and what the speaker actually means – something that varies across regions.
Programming languages are formal/structured whereas Natural languages are informal/semi-structured. Syntax and semantics in programming languages are strict and inflexible, meaning you cannot run code with mistakes. While natural language has a rather relaxed and expressive syntax & semantics enabling creativeness and variability.
Over the years, programming languages became more and more popular due to the increasing need for software development. There are fixed and bounded symbols (rules and conventions) which provide instructions regarding usage. We use natural languages as a means to generate texts which contain an infinity and the dynamics in term of word, form, grammar, and connotation.
What’s the difference between coding and programming?
Programming includes coding and coding is a part of it. Both in textual and physical machines, intelligibly-written code are key components. The main goal of programming is to generate software for code validation. On the contrary side is coding with minimal basic programming skill and no involvement of any tools.
Why is both programming language, as well as a natural language, essential to programmers?
This is important in considering because there are several reasons why this is when trying to distinguish between language programmer and natural. A programmer or software engineer must be well-versed with programming languages as well as natural language to thrive in their profession. If you need software developers, come find Nextbridge! Here is why:
With coding on computer programming, our communication to the machine becomes effective in making software & applications. To learn Computer Programming, you need to learn to write clean, crisp, error-free, and scalable programs which adhere to the current industrial standards/best development practices.
On the contrary, Natural language is the language of humans where we communicate with other programmers(developers), customers, team members, and read & write API documentation for the software application(s). Format documentation for clear, concise, easy readability to explain code functionality and features.
To succeed both these are required so that you can be a complete package, meaning you can communicate with the machine as well as with others to clearly convey the message.
You can use programming languages to practice your logical thinking, problem-solving and creativity skills, or to create new tools or resources for natural language processing.